In Western Occultism, representing the forces of decline and opposition. Through which it is claimed we learn and grow as spiritual beings, for without a knowledge of pain there can be no compassion.
Darkness is view as a dual concept not only referring to the forces of decline and opposition, but also to the state of procreation from which all things arise. Darkness is not seen as an absolute, in that; it exists in a condition or state, where there is an absence of light. The degree of absolute darkness means there exists a condition in which very little or no light is available; whereas, in a condition that is described as dim much more light is available.
In metaphysics darkness is not to be confused with night since they are both distinctly different terms. Darkness should not be equated with evil since it is a positive natural force just as light is. Night is a lunar force just as darkness is a cosmic force. The commonality that they share is the absence of their opposite force, or light.
see also: LIGHT
One of the major problems with 'defining' Paganism and/or its beliefs and practices is that it is an 'organic' movement, in that it is undergoing constant change and re-evaluation from within, and as such any 'one-size-fits-all' approach to understanding Paganism will be found wanting.
Due to the very 'organic' nature of Paganism, and the many differing Paths and Traditions within it, in many cases no one definition may be universally accepted by all Pagans. Therefore, where such cases of possible conflicting and/or contradictory meanings of certain terms occur I have endevoured to give not only the generally accepted meaning, but also any major 'variations' in belief and/or practice.
Christians who believe this difference in meaning of certain key terms, beliefs and practices to be unique to Paganism need to remember that such conflicts also arise within the Body of Christ - the Church. Take for instance the differing practices amongst Christians concerning Baptism and the different attitudes towards women in the clergy.
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