exWitch Australia
Glossary of Wiccan, Neo-Pagan and Occult Terminology

CROWLEY, Vivianne

A Pagan priestess and joint co-ordinator of the Wicca Study Group, Europe's largest Wiccan teaching organizaion.   She was Initiated into Wicca as a teenager in the early 1970s and trained in both the Gardnerian and Alexandrian tradition.

In 1979 she founded a Wiccan group working in both Traditions. In 1988 she founded the Wicca Study Group and became involved in teaching Wicca in Europe and in organizing Pan-European Wiccan gatherings.   Since then she has been on the committee and Council of the Pagan Federation, serving as Honorary Secretary and Interfaith Co-ordinator.

She has a doctorate in psychology and trained in transpersonal counselling with the Centre for Transpersonal Psychology in London and as a spiritual healer with the Spiritualist Association of Great Britain.

She has a private practice as a therapist and healer, and also works as an academic researcher. She is the author of a number of books on Wicca and Neo-Paganism, including the best-selling Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Millennium, Principles of Paganism and Phoenix from the Flame: Living as a Pagan in the Twenty-First Century.

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One of the major problems with 'defining' Paganism and/or its beliefs and practices is that it is an 'organic' movement, in that it is undergoing constant change and re-evaluation from within, and as such any 'one-size-fits-all' approach to understanding Paganism will be found wanting.

Due to the very 'organic' nature of Paganism, and the many differing Paths and Traditions within it, in many cases no one definition may be universally accepted by all Pagans.   Therefore, where such cases of possible conflicting and/or contradictory meanings of certain terms occur I have endevoured to give not only the generally accepted meaning, but also any major 'variations' in belief and/or practice.

Christians who believe this difference in meaning of certain key terms, beliefs and practices to be unique to Paganism need to remember that such conflicts also arise within the Body of Christ - the Church.   Take for instance the differing practices amongst Christians concerning Baptism and the different attitudes towards women in the clergy.

- Jean-Luc
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